Denise Caruso is founder, chair and executive director of the Hybrid Vigor Institute, a nonprofit educational organization founded to facilitate and support the solution of complex problems via the practice of interdisciplinary research. A "virtual" institute, Hybrid Vigor's organizational model is designed to work in cooperation with the university, industry and other specialized institutions. She can be contacted at [email protected].

The Hybrid Vigor Institute began operations in March 2000, and has been funded by a variety of private individuals and foundations, as well as the U.S. National Science Foundation. Its board of directors and advisory council consists of leading scientists, researchers and executives in fields ranging from physics and chemistry to technology, biology, law, ethics, medicine, history, philanthropy and sociology.

Also a veteran journalist and technology analyst, Caruso has more than 15 years experience chronicling the converging industries of digital technology, telecommunications and interactive media.

From October 1995 until April 2000, she wrote the Technology column for the Monday business section of The New York Times. In January 2000, she became an occasional contributor to The Times' Arts & Ideas section, writing primarily about scientific and academic research in progress.

Caruso was one of the earliest advocates of First Amendment rights in cyberspace, and one of the first journalists to focus on technology, commerce and culture. She has served on the board of directors of the Electronic Frontier Foundation, and was elected to the board of the Independent Media Institute in January 1995, where in 2000 she served as vice president. She also advises the Center for Public Knowledge, a non-profit dedicated to the creation of an "information" commons and the preservation of the public domain. She serves on the Board of Trustees of the Molecular Sciences Institute, the advisory board for Groxis, Inc., and the faculty of SustainAbility in the U.K.

From January to August 1999, Caruso consulted for the Pew Charitable Trusts and Consumers Union, researching and developing standards and best practices for improving credibility on the Internet. The project, called Consumer Web Watch, is now a $3.5 million effort funded by Pew, the Knight-Ridder Foundation and George Soros' Open Society Institute, under the auspices of Consumers Union. She is a member of the project's advisory board.

In April 1997, she began a year-long affiliation as a visiting scholar at Interval Research Corporation in Palo Alto, a research laboratory run by the computer industry pioneer David Liddle. During her time at Interval, Caruso also was a visiting lecturer at Stanford University in the Human-Computer Interaction program in the university's Computer Science department.

Also in 1997, Caruso provided on-air commentary and interviews with industry personalities for a MSNBC cable television show about technology, called "The Site." She was also founding producer of Spotlight, an executive conference on interactive media.

In 1994, Caruso launched Technology & Media Group, an information services company, for Norman Pearlstine's Friday Holdings. Previous to Technology & Media, Caruso was founding editor of Digital Media, which under her leadership was acclaimed as the seminal newsletter in the emerging new media industry, published by industry pioneer Jonathan Seybold's Seybold Publications.

Prior to launching Digital Media in 1990, Caruso served five years as the anchor columnist for the San Francisco Examiner's Sunday technology section. Her essays and analysis have been published in the Wall Street Journal, Columbia Journalism Review, WIRED, I.D. Magazine, the San Jose Mercury News and the Utne Reader; she has also provided occasional commentary for National Public Radio's "Morning Edition" and "All Things Considered."

Caruso's career as a technology journalist began in 1984 with two venerable trade publications: InfoWorld, where she served as a reporter and columnist, and in 1985 at Electronics, as a West Coast Editor.

She is a frequent speaker and moderator at a variety of seminars and industry events. These have included the prestigious American Association for the Advancement of Science's annual meeting, Harvard Conference on Internet and Society and the Journalism and Technology conferences at the Nieman Foundation at Harvard, the Newspaper Association of America's annual meeting, the Consumer Electronics Show, the American Center for Design, the American Institute for Graphic Artists, the American Magazine Conference, the Association for Computing Machinery, the Media & Democracy Congress, New York Women in Communication, the Rand Corporation, The Internet Summit and the Society of Professional Journalists.

She has also participated in various programs sponsored by the American Film Institute, Boston College, the Freedom Forum at Columbia University, the Stern School of Business and the Interactive Telecommunications Program at New York University, the Center for Communication, and the Information Industries Association.

She holds a Bachelor's degree in English from California Polytechnic State University in San Luis Obispo, Calif., and lives and works in San Francisco.